The popular Framingham heart study results showed a direct link between obesity and hypertension. It was found that individuals with higher fatty tissues had an increase in vascular resistance which in turn made it harder for the heart to pump blood throughout the body.

What Is Hypertension?

Before moving on, it is crucial to understand what hypertension actually is. It is the blood’s pressure on the inner walls of the arteries. High blood pressure or hypertension can only be diagnosed in patients who are not on BP medications or are ill otherwise.

Blood pressure is monitored by taking two or more readings on the BP monitor. Physicians classify blood pressure readings into three categories:

Normal Blood Pressure:

Systolic number equal to or below 120 mmHg

Diastolic number equal to or lower than 80 mmHg

Pre-hypertension

Systolic 120-139 mmHg

Diastolic 80-89 mmHg

Hypertension

Hypertension has two stages

1st Stage: systolic 140-159 mmHg

Diastolic 90-99 mmHg

2nd Stage: systolic 160 mmHg or above

Diastolic 100 mmHg or above

Types

Hypertension can be of two types

Essential hypertension or secondary hypertension.

In most patients, hypertension is of the first type. Essential hypertension can occur because of inheritance, malnutrition, kidney issues, infection, or as a reaction to certain drugs.

Secondary hypertension can be a result of a deeper, underlying cause. Kidney disease, oral contraceptives, Cushing’s syndrome, sleep apnea syndrome, coarctation of the aorta, pheochromocytoma, and primary hyperaldosteronism are among the major causes of secondary hypertension.

Treatment

Treating hypertension can be different for everyone, mainly because everybody reacts differently to different medications. However, hypertension patients must be put on hypertension medications known as antihypertensive. Depending on the severity of hypertension, a doctor might suggest a combination of two or more drugs.

An important reminder for people trying to lose weight is that when weight loss occurs and your blood pressure goes down to normal, you should discontinue using hypertension medicines.

Who’s At Risk?

Since obesity is linked with hypertension, people who are overweight or obese are at a higher risk of developing hypertension. Overweight women, especially those who have more fat on the abdominal region are 3 times more likely to get hypertension. Moreover, obesity in both men and women is also associated with heart diseases, diabetes, joint issues, and several other health issues.

Weight loss, on the contrary, can help you lead a healthy life.

If you are dealing with hypertension and you have tried everything to lose weight but still haven’t succeed, maybe it’s time to consider meeting a Bariatric specialist and learn about your options. To check if you are a candidate, you can book your free consultation with us anytime.

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